A Front-Wheel Drive (FWD) car is one where the power from the engine is distributed only to the front wheels.
The rear wheels simply roll along behind as the car accelerates.
Front-wheel drive systems are lighter than rear – or four-wheel-drive systems as the engine in most cars is at the front so it’s relatively straight-forward to connect the engine to the wheels either side of it.
This lighter weight leads to better fuel efficiency.
Using the front wheels to pull the car through a corner avoids a common cause of accidents in rear-wheel drive cars which is where the power of the rear wheels pushing the car while the driver is attempting to steer around a corner can cause the car to spin.
Front-wheel drive cars do not have the same traction as all-wheel drive or 4WD cars which gives them limited ability on unsealed surfaces.